When submitting academic work for assessment, it is important to provide full details of all of the sources you consulted during its preparation. The use of proper citation and referencing within your work will:
Always check your module handbook for specific departmental guidance on the style required for your assessed works and dissertations. Check with your personal tutor or dissertation supervisor if you need clarification.
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A range of referencing styles are used within the University, so ensure you check your subject handbook for the preferred style for your College/subject.Once you have established which style you should be using, it is important to be consistent in its application.
The major styles are highlighted here, with links to online support, plus specific guidance on audiovisual citations, compiled by BUFVC for referencing moving image and sound.
The Academic Skills support materials within ELE provide great support on the learning skills that are required for success as a student at the University. Most useful in this context are:
BSI is the UK National Standards body. A range of BSI standards and supporting material relating to referencing are available including:
BS 5605:1990 Recommendations for citing and referencing published material
BS ISO 690:2010 Information and documentation. Guidelines for bibliographic references and citations to information resources.
BS ISO 690-2:1997 Information and documentation. Bibliographic references. Electronic documents or parts thereof
BS 6371: 1983 Recommendations for citation of unpublished documents.
All are available online via British Standards Online
Cambridge University Press style manual is preferred by the Department of History.
Guide to Citation in the Harvard Style: a guide from Bournemouth University.
Harvard - Guide to Referencing: a comprehensive guide from UWE, Bristol on how to create citations and bibliographic references using the Harvard referencing system. It also provides examples of paraphrasing and using quotations.
Harvard System of Referencing Guide: a detailed guide written by library staff at Anglia Ruskin University.
References: Harvard Style: a comprehensive guide from Leeds University on how to set out references within your work using the Harvard refencing system.
MHRA Style Guide: available as a download, this standard textbook outlines everything to do with the MHRA referencing style.
MLA - Guide to Referencing: a comprehensive guide from UWE, Bristol on the application of the MLA style to a range of sources.
New media like YouTube, podcasts and vidcasts have led to the development of separate rules for citing moving image and sound sources. See the British Universities Film & Video Council’s guidelines for examples.