In your academic work, while it is unlikely that you are regularly falling into traps of misinformation set by fake news, filter bubbles and deep fakes, it is still vital that you have confidence in the quality and validity of any information that you plan to include in your work or business plan.
This page looks at some of the key criteria that you can use to evaluate the quality of information sources and includes an activity which allows you to try and apply the criteria in practice.
There are a number of different criteria and models that you can use to evaluate information sources. This tutorial will focus on the CRAAP test, one such model that you can apply. The CRAAP test consists of five main criteria that you can use to judge the academic quality of information:
Each criteria encourages you to ask a series of questions of your sources to help you determine if they should play a role in informing your work. This process does not need to be taxing or time consuming; indeed many of these checks can be completed without having to read the article or source you find in full.
Currency: the timeliness of the information
Relevancy: the importance of the information for your needs
Authority: the source of the information
Accuracy: the reliability and correctness of the content
Purpose: the reason the information exists
To help you evaluate sources effectively in your future projects, download this Evaluation Checklist. You can use the checklist to help determine if the information you find passes the CRAAP test criteria.
This activity provides an opportunity for you to put the CRAAP test into practice.
Imagine you are conducting research into the following topic:
The changing role of technology and AI in the employment market.
Take a look at the source below and consider some of the key questions from the CRAAP test when answering the questions in the box on the right.