The University of Exeter looks after a rich collection of twentieth-century literary papers of more than thirty writers and poets with links to the South West of England, including those of Daphne du Maurier, Charles Causley, William Golding, Ted Hughes, Agatha Christie and Henry Williamson. The close proximity to one another often led to friendships and literary collaboration. Examples of this can be found in the archive collections we hold, in particular within correspondence, which overlaps in several cases.
Patricia Beer was a poet and writer who was born in Exmouth, Devon (1919-1999). Her publications explored themes of nature and topography, good and evil, love, religion, ritual and mortality. Patricia Beer's archive includes material relating to her literary output, including manuscripts, typescripts, correspondence and audio recordings, as well as notebooks, desk diaries, journals, address books, a small collection of private correspondence, family papers and miscellaneous papers.
Further information about the Literary and Personal Papers of Patricia Beer can be found on the archives catalogue.
Frances Bellerby (1899-1975) was a poet, short story writer and novelist. She was born in Bristol and later settled in Cornwall and Devon. The University of Exeter Special Collections holds several collections of Bellerby's personal and literary papers. In addition, correspondence between Bellerby and the poet Charles Causley - who were close friends - can be found in the Papers of Charles Causley.
Further information about the Frances Bellerby collections can be found on the archives catalogue.
Sir John Betjeman (1906-1984) was a poet, writer on topography and architecture, broadcaster, and Poet Laureate (1972-1984). He had a lifelong love of Cornwall, which is reflected in his work, and he died at his home in Trebetherick in 1984. Archive collections relating to John Betjeman include draft poems, correspondence and archive materials from the John Betjeman Library.
Further information about the John Betjeman archive collections can be found on the archives catalogue.
Sir John Betjeman's Library contains more than 4,000 printed books and pamphlets from the eighteenth to the twentieth century. The collection, which also contains many items with fine bindings, is arranged into the following subject categories: poetry, churches, architecture, topography, art, theology, Victorian bindings, biography, early twentieth-century schoolboy novels, and the English public school.
Titles in John Betjeman's Library can be browsed via the library catalogue (classmark: Betjeman).
Charles Causley (1917-2003) was a poet, teacher and broadcaster, who was born in Cornwall and is closely associated with the development of a strong regional identity for creative writing in the South West. His archive comprises literary papers, including working notebooks, manuscripts and typescripts; extensive correspondence with other writers such as Ted Hughes, Siegfried Sassoon, Jack Clemo and Frances Bellerby; publicity material; professional and personal photographs; personal papers, including diaries; papers relating to Causley's careers in teaching and broadcasting and the Navy; and Causley's printed book collection.
Dame Agatha Mary Clarissa Mallowan (1890-1976), the novelist known as Agatha Christie, was born in Torquay, Devon. This archive is from the offices of Hughes Massie and Co. Ltd. and relates to Agatha Christie's literary estate. Throughout her career her agent was Edmund Cork, and these files were created by him to reflect his dealings with publishers, film-makers and other professional persons with an interest in the Christie estate, including Agatha Christie herself, and her husband, Sir Max Mallowan.
Futher information about the Agatha Christie Business Papers can be found on the archives catalogue.
Reginald John 'Jack' Clemo (1916-1994) was a poet who was born in Cornwall and lived there until 1984. As a child he experienced two periods of complete blindness and by 1955 he was totally blind. The collection includes all of his manuscript notebooks and typescripts for prose and poetry, personal letters, diaries, photographs, reviews, newscuttings and correspondence.
Further information about the Jack Clemo Literary and Personal Papers can be found on the archives catalogue.
A selection of items from this archive have been digitised and are available to browse via the Open Research Exeter Portal.
We also hold Jack Clemo's working library. Titles in his library can be browsed via the library catalogue.
Ronald Frederick Delderfield (1912-1972) was an English novelist and dramatist, who lived for most of his life in Devon. The collections include literary papers relating to 'Give us this day' and 'To serve them all my days'.
Further information about the Literary Papers of R.F. Delderfield can be found on the archives catalogue.
Ronald Duncan (1914-1982) was a productive West Country author whose literary career encompassed journalism, fiction, poetry, libretti, film scripts and plays. The Ronald Duncan Collection is the largest collection of Duncan documentation in existence and provides a source of research for post nineteen-thirties literary culture, the cultural heritage of the South West, and his literary and artistic relationships. It consists of personal papers including photographs and diaries, manuscripts, librettos, letters and artworks.
Ted Hughes (1930-1998) was a poet who moved to Devon in 1961. He became Poet Laureate in 1984. The archive collections include manuscripts relating to Cave Birds and Under the North Star and collaborative work with Leonard Baskin for the Gehenna Press, as well as correspondence with other South West writers.
Sir William Gerald Golding (1911-1993) was a novelist, who was born in Newquay, Cornwall. His archive comprises notebooks, manuscript and typescript drafts of Golding's novels up to 1989 including the original manuscript and typescript of Lord of the Flies.
Further information about the William Golding Literary Archive can be found on the archives catalogue.
William John Fletcher Jarmain (1911-1944) was a novelist and poet. This collection consists of 120 manuscript letters from the poet John Jarmain, which were sent to his wife Beryl Jarmain in Dorset whilst he was serving with the 51st Highland Division in North Africa and South Italy during the Second World War (June 1942 to November 1943). The collection also includes a copy of a letter sent by John Jarmain from France the night before he was killed at Saint Honorine la Chardonne on 26 June 1944. Some of the letters include drafts of the poems, which provide an insight into his poetry and the context which inspired it.
Futher information about the Letters of John Jarmain can be found on the archives catalogue.
All 120 letters have been digitised and are available to browse via the Digital Collections website of the University of Exeter Special Collections. View digital copies of all items in this collection
The du Maurier family have a fascinating history, with many of its members leading distinguished and well-documented careers. The collection includes literary papers of the novelist Daphne du Maurier (1907-1989), comprising manuscript and typescript drafts of many of her works, including notebooks relating to 'Rebecca' and 'My Cousin Rachel'.
Further information about the du Maurier Family collections can be found on the archives catalogue.
John Moat (1936-2014) was a writer and artist based in Devon. Together with his life-long friend and fellow poet John Fairfax, he was the co-founder of the Arvon Foundation. This collection includes personal correspondence, literary manuscripts, papers and drawings.
Further information about the Literary and Personal Papers of John Moat can be found on the archives catalogue.
The Powys family is one of the most remarkable in the history of English literature and they attracted a wide circle of friends and admirers. Three of the brothers - John Cowper (1872-1963), Theodore Francis (1875-1953) and Llewellyn (1884–1939) - were writers and the best known members of the family. Their books and papers form the bulk of the collections held here.
Alfred Leslie Rowse (1903-1997) was a Cornish historian, poet, diarist, biographer and critic. The A.L. Rowse archive contains both literary and historical manuscripts, typescripts and proofs of various published and unpublished works including articles, poetry, short stories, memoirs and autobiographical material, journals and a wide range of correspondence.
Further information about the Papers of A.L. Rowse can be found on the archives catalogue.
We also hold A.L. Rowse's working library. Titles in his library can be browsed via the library catalogue (classmark: Rowse).
Lawrence Sail (1942-) is a contemporary British poet and writer, who was brought up in Exeter. His archive includes worksheets and drafts of his poetry, prose, essays, reviews, and BBC Radio 3 and Radio 4 broadcasts.
Further information about the Literary Papers of Lawrence Sail can be found on the archives catalogue.
Flora Thompson is best known for her acclaimed trilogy, 'Lark Rise' (1939), 'Over to Candleford' (1941), and 'Candleford Green' (1943), which was was reissued as 'Lark Rise to Candleford' in 1945. She lived in Devon from 1928 until her death in 1947. The University of Exeter Special Collections holds two small collections of letters from Flora Thompson to Arthur and Anna Ball, and from Flora Thompson to a Mrs Tylor.
Further information about the Flora Thompson collections can be found on the archives catalogue.
Henry Williamson (1895-1977) was a writer, who was born in south London and later moved to North Devon. Our collections include literary manuscripts and typescripts, the papers of the Henry Williamson Society and correspondence from and to Williamson.
Further information about the Henry Williamson collections can be found on the archives catalogue.