Using models, or at least being aware of their similarities and differences, can help you to deconstruct experiences, ensure you are accessing the deeper level reflective questions and issues, and ultimately provide a way to structure your learning from situations.
Gibb's Reflective Cycle (1988)
Schön's model (1991)
Schön theory suggests that there are two types of reflection, one during and one after an activity / event. It presents the concept of:
This takes place whilst you are involved in the situation i.e. a patient interaction.
This involves stepping back from the situation, to reflect on what
occurred sometime after the event.
Atkins and Murphy's Model of Reflection (1994)
When you write reflectively, you can use the three W's: